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音樂表演者是不可或缺的角色:Indispensable role of music performers

時間:2015-12-24 11:05來源:livesitehelp.com 作者:anne 點擊:
音樂的魅力,通過舞蹈的筆記繼承代代相傳,它永遠不會消失或褪色。隨著時代的發展,它會生長,開花,開展新的時代新的詮釋。
不管我們是從我們民族獲得的文化還是我們所說講的語言,無疑是我們分享共同的詞--音樂。一個好的音樂作品能點燃我們的熱情,激發靈感,平靜情緒,放松身體。同一首樂曲可以通過演奏者的情感和意圖來傳達不同的含義。 [1]縱觀歷史,每一個時代都涌現出無數優秀的音樂表演者。他們運用自己獨特的理解和精彩的演奏技巧,通過各種表演形式展現出音樂的魅力:獨奏、交響樂、協奏曲和協奏曲。表演不能被任何種類的錄音所取代,因此音樂演奏者在把這一聲學轉化為現實的過程中扮演著重要的角色。
Regardless which the nation we are from, which culture we acquire and what language we speak, undoubtedly we share the common word------music. A good piece of music can ignite our enthusiasm, stimulate inspiration , calm emotions and relax our body. One same piece of music can be performed to convey different meanings by the emotion and intentions of performer. [1] Throughout history, numerous excellent music performers emerged in every age. They use their unique understanding and wonderful playing technics to show us the charm of music through various kinds of performances: Solo; Unison; Ensemble; Symphony and Concerto. Live performance can not be replaced by any kinds of recordings, so music performers plays an important role in translating this acoustical into reality. [2]

在奧爾巴尼的大學里,有許多著名的和受人尊敬的音樂表演者。如MAX Lifchitz教授。他是一個優秀的作曲家,演奏家,管理員和教育家。在他優秀的研究中2005年教授阿爾濱扎克兌現的是一個音樂家,作曲家,歌曲作者和唱片制作人。At the University at Albany, there are many famous and respected music performers. Such as Professor Max Lifchitz. He is an excellent composer, performer, administrator and educator. he was honored with an Excellence in Research Award In 2005. Professor Albin Zak is a musicologist, composer, songwriter, and record producer. His recordings of original songs include In the Hurricane, Across the Brazos, By the Side of the Road, etc. a successful symphony is attributed to the cooperation of every strict players, like performers of violin, viola, oboe, clarinet, trombone, tuba and so on.

每個人都扮演著獨特的角色,尤其是指揮。一個指揮者負責帶領大家在管弦樂隊或樂隊遵循正確的節奏,他引導,激勵和良好的組織所有的音樂家或歌手,以最好地解釋這段音樂。指揮家威廉喬恩灰色是在奧爾巴尼大學的合唱研究主任。我曾經在二學期參加過他的京劇歷史課,他對我們友好而且非常友好,他的課很吸引人。當他在印第安那大學學習時,他經常和羅伯特肖一起表演羅伯特音樂節的歌手。在2010日和2012日,格雷博士為DVO?áK的安魂曲表演的專業主管格蘭特公園音樂節合唱團,這是一個結合了古典主義和浪漫主義的杰作。Everyone plays the unique role in performance, especially the conductor. A conductor is responsible to lead everyone in an orchestra or a group to follow correct rhythm, he guides, motivates and well organizes all the musicians or singers to best interpret the piece of music. Conductor William Jon Gray is Director of Choral Studies at the University at Albany. I ever attended his opera history class in second semester, he is friendly and very nice to we students, and his class is quite attractive. He often performed with Robert Shaw as a member of the Robert Shaw Festival Singers when he studied in Indiana University. In August of 2010 and 2012, Dr. Gray was in charge of the professional Grant Park Music Festival Chorus for performances of Dvo?ák’s Requiem, it was a masterwork combined with classicism and romanticism. In performance the piece of work is composed of soprano, alto, tenor and bass soloists., for music instruments, it includes an orchestra of piccolo, flutes, oboes, English horn, clarinets, bass clarinet bassoons, contrabassoon, horn, trumpet, trobones, tuba, timpani, tam-tam, campane, organ, harp and strings. Dr. Gray also cooperated with Carlos Kalmar and played Haydn’s The Seasons. [3] Recently he conducted chorus Leonore Overture NO.2, OP,72 composed by Ludwig Van Beethoven in University-Community Symphony Orchestra and chorale,. Sinfonia of Leonore Overture was only played in front of little audience. The opera premiere in 1805 was the sinfonia 2, after 3rd amendment in 1814, the opera began to use a new sinfonia, which is also what we know now. The whole prelude was accomplished in sonata form. The opening was a grey downward music sentence, it symbolizes the gloomy beginning of story. Following is a sad melody played by the woodwind section of the orchestra and directly introduces the main theme of the sinfonia. In order to make an immediate contrast, exposition is much longer than development in this work. Basic theme is expressed by eight degrees in unison by violin and cello. After development in this theme, the second theme starts at phase eight from aria. Then comes the development, the most attractive part is two emergency of trumpet solo from outside the stage. It is also the turning point of emotions------it breaks through the darkness and sadness of music and bring it to the climax. Following trumpet, we can hear the flute solo, it seems glory of freedom is brought by the solo. Music theme has got rid of the darkness and struggle, and move to the glorious ending in triumph and victory. Epilogue is introduced by a sharp change in octachord of strings. The sadness due to loss of victory of protagonist turned to be the song of victory, it is also the chorus sang by Beethoven for the liberation and freedom of human being and vision for his ideal.[4]

Unlike symphony with various musical instruments, chamber singers spring up in many universities. It is a small chorus, using mixed voices instead of instruments to perform a wide variety of music.
 
This is the charm of music, inheriting by the dancing notes from generation to generation, it will never disappear or fade. With the development of times, it will grow, blossom and carry out the new interpretation in the new era.
 
Reference:文獻
 
[1] Journal of New Music Research.(2004). Methodologies for Expressiveness Modelling of and for Music Performance. Retrieved on Feb 2nd, 2010
[2] Stephen Davies.(2001).Musical Works and Performances: A Philosophical Exploration Oxford University Press
[3] Robert Anderson.(1974). The Seasons by Haydn; Soloists; Deutsche Oper Chorus; Berlin PO; Karajan. Musical Times
[4]J. S. Shedlock.(1894).Beethoven's Sketch Books. No. III. Sonatas, Diabelli Variations, Symphonies, "Leonore" Overture, Mass in D, &c. Second Series (Continued) Musical Times
 
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