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新西蘭高中論文:閱讀分析Analysis

時間:2016-06-23 10:53來源:livesitehelp.com 作者:anne 點擊:
本文的體裁是論文寫作。該文本已從為典范的反思的書中:一個機會,通過別人的啟發學習。

(i) What are some key features of the text which make it distinctive from other text genres?(一)文本的一些重要特征,使其區別于其他文本類型?
 
第一段明確地闡述了本文的主題。這本書的作者是誰寫了這本書于2000年。這本書已經出版了由布萊克威爾科學公司在反思實踐中護理:增長的專業醫生。段落中的第二句顯示了改變身體形象的定義。第1段的最后一句是指作者和這篇文章的意圖,該文本顯示的目的受眾是必須改變身體形象的病人。最后一段顯示了另一個目標受眾是那些致力于改變身體形象的初級員工。因此,本文的結論,是對身體意象的改變給出了信息和教學的指導。本文的文體形式在一定程度上,但從一個學術文本的角度來考慮,其形式化程度不高。代詞的使用,我顯示了一個相對較低的程度比學術文章。這篇文章安排得很好。第一段表達了定義,第二段闡述了第三段詳細分析的例子。第三段的最后一句話也在一定程度上結束了課文。
The first paragraph has stated clearly on the topic of this text. The genre of this text is essay writing. The text has been extracted from the book that is named Exemplars of reflection: A chance to learn through the inspiration of others. The author of this book is Bulman, who composed this book in the year of 2000. This book has been published by Blackwell Science Ltd. in the Reflective practice in nursing: The growth of the professional practitioner. The second sentence in Paragraph A shows the definition of the altered body image. The last sentence in Paragraph A refers the intention of the author and this text, which displays that the aimed audience is the patients who have to alter the body image. The last paragraph shows another aimed audience is the junior staffs who are devoting themselves to altering the body images. Therefore, the intention of the text, in conclusion, was to give the information and instruction on the alteration of body images. The style of this text is formal to some degree, but considering from the aspect of an academic text, the extent of formality is not so high. The employment of the pronoun I displays a comparatively lower degree of formality than that of the academic articles. This essay is arranged well. The first paragraph has expressed the definition, and the second paragraph stated the example which has been analysed in detail in the third paragraph. The last sentence of the third paragraph has also concluded the text to some extent. 

What are some key language elements of the text?文本的一些關鍵語言元素是什么?
 
The intention of this text is to offer the information and instruct, and it has used the personal pronouns she and I for many times. The text has employed the subordinate clause(egpara C –‘I felt that if K trusted me, I am pleased that I am aware of this…’), and modals, such would and will (has been used for ten times). Other modals employed are may (one time), and can (two times), and must(one time).Modals are generally employed in this article to express the willing and expectations.  Verbs have been frequentlyused in the active voice, but there are also several instances of passive (paragraph B: ‘All her injuries were fixed…; and paragraph C: ‘…body image is composed of two components…’). The major tense of this text is Past Simplethat is employed for the facts which happened in the past and ware true.(eg paragraph C: ‘I spent a long time with her while she cried ...’).  The Past Perfecthas also been used in the text (eg paragraph C: I had spent a few days building up trust ...’). The Simple Present is used to state the general facts (eg paragraph C: I am pleased ...’) and definitions(eg paragraph A: This change does not have ...’)
 
What pattern(s) of organization can you see in the text (eg listing, sequence, comparison/contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution, extended definition)? What signal words can you find?
The main pattern of organization is problem/solution. According to the general definition of theproblem/solutionpattern is used to analyse a specific problem. The definitions have been given in the text and the concrete case has been analysed in the article in detail. The first paragraph has given a definition of the main objective of the essay. The signal words have not been shown in the text, for the text has been written in well logical sequence naturally. 
 
What makes the text cohesive and coherent?是什么使文本銜接和連貫?
 
This article has stated the ideas logically and can be understood easily, so this text is coherent to a great degree. This article starts with the definition of the alteration of body image. The second paragraph puts forward an example of ‘K’. Then the third paragraph analyses the case of ‘K’ with more specific theories and details. In a word, the text has been written with nice development of opinions, so the article is quite logical, which has conformed to theproblem/solutionpattern. The last sentence of this text has further stated the aim of this analysis. 
Cohesion means the way how the opinions and sentences linked together. The final paragraph focuses on the case of ‘K’ and the reflection of the author, which shows the cohesion of the ideas, so the text has fine cohesion. 
 
Overall整體
 
In conclusion, the text is an essay which has been written in the formal style to analyse the case of ‘K’ to illustrate the alteration of the body image. The writer of this article has used the pronouns of persons, the subordinate clauses and the modal verbs to elaborate the problem and solutions in the example of ‘K’ to give some advices to the junior staffs. The article has used the problem/solutionas the major pattern to organize the content of the text. The content of this article has been laid out well. The article has been written in a natural way to express the ideas, which is cohesive and logical. 
 

(責任編輯:anne)
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