論文哥代寫源于英倫 服務世界 專業代寫服務12年 <-- -->
當前位置: 首頁 > 加拿大論文 >

加拿大留學論文:在線知識產權保護:我們能從SOPA學到什么?

時間:2015-11-19 22:18來源:livesitehelp.com 作者:anne 點擊:
本文展望了網絡盜版的問題,SOPA的抗議活動,分析了為什么SOPA不能從法律,商業和信息技術的角度來達到目前形式的董事會的一致協議。
加拿大留學生論文:在線知識產權保護:我們能從SOPA學到什么?

Introduction 介紹

自上世紀90年代,互聯網飛速發展的網絡應用程序Napster 1999,介紹了廣泛使用的通過互聯網,把人們帶進數字生活新篇章遇到的更多問題。其中一個主要問題是網絡盜版。為了保護版權的原創者,有一些行為是由政府批準的,如數字千年版權法案(DMCA)1998。然而,巨大的經濟損失如娛樂業中,如許多唱片公司,圖書出版,電影制作的盜版從未停止。2011年,禁止網絡盜版法案(SOPA)提出了保護網絡著作權,停止網上盜版。在本文中,我們將提供簡要介紹了網絡IP威脅和幾個保護網絡版權的行為,包括在第一部分中的SOPA。然后,我們將分析SOPA和理性的缺陷,為什么SOPA未能獲得批準;最后我們推薦了若干建議,以保護版權,打擊網絡盜版。

Since the rapid speed of internet growth during the 1990s, peer-to-peer application, Napster 1999, was introduced and widely used through internet that brought people into a new chapter of digital life with more problems. One of the major problems is online piracy. In order to protect copyright from the original creators, there are several acts that were approved by the government of the U.S, such as Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) in 1998. However, the giant economic lost of entertainment industry, such as many recording music companies, book publishing, and movie producers, was never stopped. In 2011, the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) was proposed to protect the online copyright and stop the online piracy. In this paper, we would provide brief introduction of online IP threatens and several protecting online copyright acts including the SOPA in the first part; and then, we will analyze the flaws of SOPA and the reason when SOPA failed to be approved; last but not least, we recommend several suggestions to protect the copyright and to strike online piracy.

Relative piracy situations and laws 有關盜版情況和法律

Due to the speedy development and special characteristics of internet, massive information could be found and download from it that improves the efficiency of people’s digital life and raises the copyright issues at the same time. The copyright protection aims to “encourage the creation of artistic and literary work by providing economic incentives to be creative” (Flanigan, Marks, & La Roche n.d, p. 1). However, the illegal online sharing files through peer-to-peer application could cause abundant economic decline of entertainment industry, disc music sales and boxing office for movies. 

According to Recording Industry Association of (RIAA), in the past decade the fall of disc sales was around 8 percent each year (Goldman, 2010). The major reason is that people could instantaneously share and download the new released music through the sites for piracy online. Instead of buying new alum from shore, people definitely would prefer to download it online. The piracy online are extremely detrimental to the not only recording music industry but the whole entertainment industry which including movie industry, publishing industry, and software industry. Without legal releasing various products online, copyright protection fail to incent artistes’ creations and the whole entertainment industry would be hit hard. 
Many researchers have measured the lost of music and movie industry caused by piracy online. For instance, according to Flanigan, Marks, & La Roche (n.d), “Hui and Png (2003) support the idea that piracy and compact disc sales act as substitutes. The authors claim that piracy has resulted in loss of sales of approximately 6.6%. While this is significant, it is less than half of the estimate made by the music industry. Zetner (2004) offers a slightly higher estimate with a decline in the range of 7.8% to 14.5% for music sales” (p. 5). Both these two researchers indicate the declined number of disc sales that point out the outcomes of piracy. Additionally, according to a survey from RIAA, “of the respondents, 84.8% own a CD burner and 84.8% admitted to downloading music over the Internet” depend on peer-to-peer application (Flanigan and Marks, n.d. p. 5). The sites of piracy online take advantage of peer-to-peer to disseminate pirated music and files.
In addition, the movie industry suffers copyright infringement at the same time. Harrison (2012) indicates that releaser raise the price of a movie ticket from average $7.89 in 2010 to $8.15 in 2012 in order to make up for the loss of boxing office. Pirated films still could be found online while movie industry use several anti-piracy methods to fight with copyright infringement, such as “watermarking the films, renaming and vaulting films prior to theatrical release, high security at ‘high-risk’ theatres, working with YouTube to take down infringed copyright material, and all deliveries of the film are required to have specific signatures”(p. 3). In order to protect copyrights for each relative industry, the U.S government and many states government proposed several acts that could offer copyright owners more legal protections.  (責任編輯:cinq)
頂一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔線----------------------------
發表評論
請自覺遵守互聯網相關的政策法規,嚴禁發布色情、暴力、反動的言論。
評價:
欄目列表
推薦內容

在線客服

售前咨詢
售后咨詢
微信號
Badgeniuscs
微信