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加拿大經濟學本科作業:失業保險政策研究

時間:2016-08-13 10:13來源:livesitehelp.com 作者:anne 點擊:
該反失業保險做有助于通過限制失業和產出的波動,以穩定經濟波動。
在開展失業保險政策可大大增加政府的公共債務和支出在很短的時間,同時失業保險加強流動性,該公司希望保持雇傭需求的聚集。對流動性的聚合開展失業保險的這種效應釋放借款,該公司面臨的限制,從而促進在經濟衰退期間對勞動力的需求,相比于經濟沒有實施反周期的失業保險。該反失業保險做有助于通過限制失業和產出的波動,以穩定經濟波動。
The carrying out of unemployment insurance policy could increase the public debt and outlays of government in short time, at the same time, the unemployment insurance enhance the aggregation of liquidity that the companies would like to hold for the needs of hiring. This effect of carrying out unemployment insurance on aggregation of liquidity releases the restrictions of borrowing that the companies face, therefore facilitate the demand on labor during the recession period, when compared to an economy without the carrying out of countercyclical unemployment insurance. The countercyclical unemployment insurance do helps to stabilize the economic fluctuation through restricting the fluctuation of unemployment and output. 

 

這個政策里面的主要方法是抑制如下效果:生產力的沖擊是負面的,對勞動力的需求由公司降低后,由于產出下降,也從企業的限制的期望。因此,工作找到了勞動力減少的速度,分離速率增加,失業率越來越高。造成這種情況的原因是來自反失業保險兩方面的影響,一個是間接的,另一種是直接的。The principal method inside this policy is the effect of dampening as following: After the shock of productivity that is negative, the demand by the companies on labor decreases, because the expectation on output decreases and also the restrictions from companies. Therefore, the rate of job finding for the labor decreases, the rate of separation increases, the unemployment is higher and higher. The reasons for this situation are the two effects that come from countercyclical unemployment insurance, one is indirect, the other one is direct.

 

The direct impact is the increasing consumption comes from the workers that are unemployed. The key point is that this increase of the labor’s consumptions is not comprised by the decrease of the companies’ consumption, even though the companies pay the taxes. It is because that the unemployment insurance is financed partly by the debt, so the taxes do not increase too much instantly.

 

While for the indirect effect, it is defined as the effect of the unemployment insurance on the public stock. Because higher outlays of the government come from higher unemployment insurance, and the outlays of government are financed partly by debt of the public, and it increases the supply aggregation of liquidity. So it also increases the ability of companies to hold the liquidity, so the constraint of borrowing decreases and there is higher demand on the labors for the companies. So this impact facilitates a gentle refinement of the unemployment after the recession. In conclusion, the carrying out of countercyclical unemployment insurance is effective to stabilize the unemployment and output, and boost the consumptions at the same time. And all these results are derived from a stripped-down model that corrects all the imperfections in the realistic market to remove the constraint of borrowing.

 

The countercyclical unemployment insurance do helps to stabilize the economic fluctuation through restricting the fluctuation of unemployment and output. The principal method inside this policy is the effect of dampening as following: After the shock of productivity that is negative, the demand by the companies on labor decreases, because the expectation on output decreases and also the restrictions from companies. Therefore, the rate of job finding for the labor decreases, the rate of separation increases, the unemployment is higher and higher.   
(責任編輯:anne)
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